Urinary Disorders – Kidney Disorder
Each of the two kidneys has one million nephrons or filter units filtering about 200 liters of fluid (blood without red blood cells and protein) from the blood daily. 99 per cent of which is reabsorbed into it, leaving two liters which is passed out as urine. Besides this, the kidneys have many other functions. They are en precise and delicately engineered parts of the body and have the ability to constantly evaluate and treat the volume and chemical nature of the blood. If healthy, even one kidney is enough for taking care of the body needs of a person.
That is why people with good kidneys sometimes donate one and yet remains healthy. Some early symptoms of kidney diseases are: too little or too much urine output, frequent urination, pain in the lower abdomen, change in the color of the urine, blood in urine, protein in urine, swelling of the face or feet, backache, high blood pressure and unpleasant odor in the urine. But any one of the aforesaid signs or symptoms does not necessarily imply kidney ailment by itself. Except in cases of major damage, kidneys have some self-repairing powers.
Urinary Disorders – Kidney Disorder – Measures
Awareness, regular check-ups, prompt treatment of infections, control of high blood pressure, treatment of diabetes, avoiding unnecessary drugs, chemical ingestion, alcohol, smoking. Zarda, maintenance of ideal body weight etc. are important. Fluid plays an important part in preventing infection of the kidneys and the formation of stones in the kidneys. One should take plenty of fluid every day to ensure that the kidney work regularly and maintain a normal chemical balance in the body.
Once the kidneys completely fail to function, death is imminent. There are only two alternatives available to the patient – dialysis or transplantation. See kidney disease treatment chart
The urinary tract consists of kidney, ureters (connecting kidney to bladder), bladder and urethra (linking the bladder to the outside). UTI is more common in women than men. The factors promoting infection are poor genital hygiene, pregnancy, stones…..